Pruning is manipulating a plant by removing branches or other parts (seed heads, leaves, buds) to render it healthier or more attractive. Knowing the proper type of plants that thrive in your location can help reduce the amount of pruning actually needed.
Trees, shrubs, and flowers have been growing for thousands of years untouched and unpruned. However, when you have a carefully designed landscape, pruning becomes necessary to preserve the plant's health and well-being. It is imperative to understand how and when to prune a particular plant. It is best not to prune a plant if you do not know how to do it correctly. Damaging a plant by poor pruning can be detrimental and cause the plant to be susceptible to illness or death.
Plants in the wild form in a way that allows them to receive sunlight based on their location and climate. Knowing your own location and climate can help achieve the best health for your plants. Unfortunately, more trees die each year due to improper pruning rather than pests or fungus. Remember a landscape plant, be it a tree, shrub rose, or perennial, if planted in the incorrect place, cannot be corrected by any amount of pruning. Always know the plant's natural size, shape, and form before planting it and its water and sunlight requirements.
There are four important reasons why to prune. They include the following:
While there are general principles and guidelines for pruning plants, different types of plants will need to
be pruned in different ways. Knowing how to prune a specific type of plant ensures healthy growth and
In general, prune at the end of a woody plant's dormant season (March or April.) Avoid pruning young plants when just leafing out - their energy level and ability to fight off disease are reduced then.
Be sure to always use the proper pruning tool for the plant's sake and your own health to prevent unneeded physical fatigue. Pruning can be enjoying healthy outdoor activity giving immediate self-satisfaction. Pruning tools should always be sharp.
While many different techniques are used to prune plant life, there are several principles to remember and take with you when you begin to prune your garden. Start by removing dead, diseased, or decayed areas. Do not let your plant become overcrowded because it does not allow for nutrients to reach all plant areas adequately. When pruning, make sure you are removing branches or stems crossing or growing in the wrong direction. By following these simple guidelines, you are well on creating a healthy and enjoyable landscape space.